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Encryption Against Mass Surveillance

You are being watched. Private and state-sponsored organizations are monitoring and recording your online activities. privacytools.io provides services, tools and knowledge to protect your privacy against global mass surveillance.

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Best Privacy Tools and Alternatives

Privacy-enhancing Services

Cryptocurrency Tools and Services

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For easy copy & paste on social media platforms, messengers and emails.

Web Browsers for better Internet Privacy

Firefox: Reliable, fast and privacy friendly
Fast Win Android iOS Mac Linux

It's recommended to install additional browser addons to strengthen Firefox even more. Firefox is able to sync accross all your devices on different platforms. Firefox is not the perfect out of the box solution but It's definetly worth it to take the extra time and setup Firefox properly.

Check for WebRTC & DNS leaks and learn how to fix them with the connection check at mullvad.net.

Hardening & Tweaking: The default settings of Firefox are not the best choice to be a privacy respecting browser. Use Firefox Profilemaker to adjust the settings. An alternative is to download the hardened Arkenfox's user.js - Place this in your Firefox's user.js directory and it will fix everything for you. You can also do it manually.

Tor: Encrypted out of the box for extra privacy and anonymity
Slow Anonymity Win Android Mac Linux

Tor Browser is your choice if you need an extra layer of anonymity. It's a modified version of Firefox, which comes with pre-installed privacy add-ons, encryption, and an advanced proxy. It's not recommended to install additional browser addons. Plugins or addons may bypass Tor or compromise your privacy.

Brave: Fast, cross-platform and block ads & trackers
Fast Win Android iOS Mac Linux

Not a popular choice within the privacy community but it offers a complete package out of the box on all platforms and is suitable for beginners or if setup time is a factor at the given situation. Wikipedia offers more information about it's controversies.

Android and iOS - DuckDuckGo: Privacy Browser
Fast iOS Android

Built-in advertising trackers blocking, private search and orces sites to use an encrypted connection if available.

Android - Bromite: Based on Chromium
Fast Android

Chromium browser with privacy and security enhancements, built-in adblocking and DNS over HTTPS support.

iOS - Onion Browser: Connection to the Tor Network
Slow Tor iOS

There are certain anonymity-related issues with Onion Browser due to iOS limitations.

Privacy related browser checks:

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“You shouldn’t change your behavior because a government agency somewhere is doing the wrong thing. If we sacrifice our values because we’re afraid, we don’t care about those values very much.” ― Edward Snowden

Browser Addons to improve your internet privacy even further

uBlock Origin: Block Ads and Trackers
Android Firefox Chrome Opera Safari Edge

It's recommended to use this plugin with Firefox, but it's also available for other browsers. Firefox on Android supports also uBlock Origin plugin.

HTTPS Everywhere: Secure Connections
Android Firefox Chrome Opera Edge

This plugin is already included in Brave (Desktop & Mobile), Tor (Desktop & Android) and Onion Browser (iOS only). It can be installed for Firefox on Android. Most browsers support HTTPS already after activation.

We are not linking to the plugin directly anymore, instead straight to the Tutorial of EFF.org on how to activate HTTPS in every browser. After the end of this year, the extension will be in “maintenance mode.” for 2022.

Decentraleyes: Block Content Delivery Networks
Android Firefox Chrome Opera Edge

Emulates Content Delivery Networks locally by intercepting requests and injecting it into the environment. Automatically, and no configuration required. Can be installed for Firefox on Android.

ClearURLs: Automatically remove tracking elements from URLs
Firefox Chrome Edge

Removes tracking from URLs automatically in the background. Lightweight and useful.

xBrowserSync: Encrypted bookmarks across devices and browsers
Android Firefox Chrome

No sign up is required and no personal data is ever collected. To start syncing simply download xBrowserSync for your desktop browser or mobile platform, enter an encryption password and click Create New Sync!

Cookie AutoDelete: Automatically Delete Cookies
Firefox Chrome

When a tab closes, any cookies not being used are automatically deleted. Keep the ones you trust (forever/until restart) while deleting the rest. Also available for Chrome.

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“My sole motive is to inform the public as to that which is done in their name and that which is done against them.” ― Edward Snowden

The best and most reliable VPN Services for your Privacy

We have compared 185 different VPN providers, but our strict criteria left only the three best providers. Our recommended providers are operating outside the USA or other Five Eyes countries, use a strong encryption, accept Crypto currencies or cash payments, support OpenVPN, have a no logging policy and have a long history of operating.

Mullvad: 60 Euro Yearly
Win Android iOS Mac Linux Bitcoin Cash

Based in Sweden. Operating since 2009. Accepts Bitcoin, BCH and Cash. Native desktop and mobile clients are available for Android and iOS and are easy to use. Money back guarantee for 30 days.

Amount of servers in Oct 2021: 763 VPN servers, in 38 different countries. Source

ProtonVPN: Limited free version available, otherwise 48 EUR Yearly
Freemium Win Android iOS Mac Linux Bitcoin

Based in Switzerland. Operating since 2016. Accepts Bitcoin, but you need an existing account or contact their support team in advance. Easy to use native desktop and mobile clients are available for Android and iOS.

Amount of servers in Oct 2021: 1200+ VPN servers available in 55 different countries. Source

IVPN: 60 USD Yearly
Win Android iOS Mac Linux Bitcoin Monero Cash

Based in Gibraltar. Operating since 2009. Accepts Bitcoin, Monero and Cash. Native desktop and mobile clients are available for Android and iOS and are easy to use. Money back guarantee for 30 days.

Amount of servers in Oct 2021: 139 VPN servers available in 32 different countries. Source

×

Friendly reminder

Using a VPN will not keep your browsing habits anonymous, nor will it add additional security to non-secure (HTTP) traffic. If you are looking for anonymity, you should use the Tor Browser instead of a VPN. Don't replace good security practices with a VPN service. If you're looking for additional privacy from your ISP, on a public Wi-Fi network, or while torrenting files, a VPN may be the solution for you.

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“We'd do well to remember that at the end of the day, the law doesn't defend us; we defend the law. And when it becomes contrary to our morals, we have both the right and the responsibility to rebalance it toward just ends.” ― Edward Snowden

Private Email Providers

ProtonMail: Secure email for the independent professional
Freemium Encryption Tor Bitcoin Web Android iOS

Based in Switzerland, founded in 2013. Free and paid plans include all security features, including end-to-end encryption, zero-access encryption, anti-phishing, anti-spam and 2FA. Own Android, iOS Apps and web interface. Paid plans enable custom domains. Accessible via Tor Network.

Tutanota: Easy to use and private by design
Freemium Encryption Win Android iOS Mac Linux Web

Based in Germany, founded in 2011. Native cross platform apps available. Paid plans enable custom domains. No third-party email clients are supported, users need to use the wide range of native apps.

Disroot: Secure email for your desktop client or via a web interface
Free Plan Encryption Web

Based in The Netherlands, founded in 2015. Free plans support custom domains. Users can choose between their web client or third party desktop clients like Thunderbird. Disroot allows for encrypted emails to be sent from their webmail application using OpenPGP.

mailbox.org: Secure e-mail inbox 100% powered by eco-friendly energy
Paid Plan Encryption Cash Web

Based in Germany, founded in 2014. Paid plans enable custom domains. Users can choose between their web client or third party desktop clients like Thunderbird.

StartMail: Trusted and reliable encrypted email provider
Paid Plan Encryption Bitcoin Web

Based in The Netherlands, founded in 2014. Paid plans enable custom domains. Users can choose between their web client or third party desktop clients like Thunderbird.

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“Under observation, we act less free, which means we effectively are less free.” ― Edward Snowden

Anonymous Email Forwarding with Aliases

SimpleLogin: Hide your existing email address
Freemium Android iOS Firefox Chrome Safari Web

Emails are forwarded to your real email address. If you reply to a sender it will use your alias, too. It is designed to be user friendly and available on many platforms.

AnonAddy: Anonymous email forwarding
Freemium Android iOS Firefox Chrome Web

Third party apps for Android and iOS are available. Support GPG/OpenPGP Encryption.

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“I don't want to live in a society that does these sort of things... I do not want to live in a world where everything I do and say is recorded. That is not something I am willing to support or live under.” ― Edward Snowden

Email Clients for better Internet Privacy

Desktop - Thunderbird: Reliable, fast and privacy friendly
Win Mac Linux

Mozilla Thunderbird is a email client, personal information manager, news client, RSS and chat client.

Browser - Mailvelope: end-to-end encryption for your existing email address
Firefox Chrome Edge

Bring email encryption straight into your Browser. We recommend using Firefox for this. It can be used to encrypt and sign electronic messages, including attached files, without the use of a separate, native email client (like Thunderbird) using the OpenPGP standard. List of supported email providers.

Android and iOS - Canary Mail: Intuitive Design & Impeccable Security
iOS Android Mac

Canary's security suite is second to none with Seamless End-To-End Encryption, Full PGP Support, Biometric App Lock, On-Device Fetch, No Ads, No Data Mining & Open Source Mail Sync Engine. Also available for Mac.

Android - K-9 Mail: Advanced Email for your phone
Android

K-9 Mail is an open source email client focused on making it easy to chew through large volumes of email. Designed for both novice and power users and offers lots of features for everyone.

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“We watch our own people more closely than anyone else in the world.” ― Edward Snowden

The Best Privacy Respecting Search Engines

Startpage: Dutch search engine company that highlights privacy
Web

Based in the Netherlands. Launched in 1998.

Brave Search: A completely independent index without tracking
Web

Based in the US. Launched in June 2021. Blog post about the new Brave Search beta.

DuckDuckGo: Privacy and avoiding the filter bubble of personalized results
Web

Based in US. Some of DuckDuckGo's code is free software, but the core is proprietary. Launched in 2008.

MetaGer: Metasearch engine run by a non profit organization
Web

Based in Germany. Launched in 1996.

Swisscows: Privacy and family friendly Bing search results
Web

Based in Switzerland. Launched in 2014. Proprietary source code.

Searx: Privacy-respecting metasearch engine
Web

Hosted in multiple locations around the world. Self-hostable, open source metasearch engine. Users can access existing public instances.

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“FREEDOM IS SLAVERY.” ― Ministry of Truth

The Best Privacy-Friendly World Maps Alternatives

Avoid: Apple Maps, Bing Maps, Google Earth and Google Maps.

OpenStreetMap: Free, collaborative world wide map
Web

OpenStreetMap is a map of the world, created by people like you and free to use under an open licence.

OsmAnd: Map and navigation app that uses OpenStreetMap data
Android iOS Amazon

Global mobile map viewing and navigation for online and offline OpenStreetMap.

Organic Maps: Offline hike, bike, trails and navigation
Android iOS Huawei AppGallery

Organic Maps is an Android & iOS offline maps app for travelers, tourists, hikers, and cyclists based on top of crowd-sourced OpenStreetMap data and curated with love by MapsWithMe (Maps.Me) founders.

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“Under observation, we act less free, which means we effectively are less free.” ― Edward Snowden

Secure Password Managers

Bitwarden: Easy to use, modern, cross platform and convenient
Win Android iOS Mac Linux All Browsers

Bitwarden is our top choice. You can import your previous passwords from other password managers with ease. Free for personal use. Available for Desktop, all Browsers, Android and iOS.

LessPass: Securely generated passwords with no storage or snyc needs
Android iOS Firefox Chrome

If you like Bitwarden but don't like syncing or storage of passwords then LessPass is your choice. Browsers, mobile phones and the command line are supported platforms.

KeePassXC: Reliable, old school and cross platform
Win Android Mac Linux Firefox Chrome

Securely store passwords using industry standard encryption, quickly auto-type them into desktop applications, and use browser extension to log into websites. KeePassDX for Android: Google Play or F-Droid.

Spectre: Generated passwords, no storage needed
Win Android iOS Mac Linux Web

Formerly Master Password. Passwords aren't stored: they are generated on-demand from your name, the site, and your master password. No syncing, backups, or internet access needed. The Windows version requires to install Java. Same principle like LessPass, but LessPass is more convenient to use because of the Browser Addons.

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“Transparency is for those who carry out public duties and exercise public power. Privacy is for everyone else.” ― Glenn Greenwald

Privacy Two-Factor Authentication (2FA) Tools

Avoid: Authy or Google Authenticator.

Aegis Authenticator: Encryption, Organization and Backups for Android
Android Phones Tablets
Raivo OTP: Easy-to-use and lightweight with sync for iOS
iOS iPhone iPad Mac

There is also a MacOS app available to automatically and securely copy one-time passwords tapped in Raivo OTP for iOS to the clipboard of your Mac. Works across multiple iCloud accounts.

andOTP: Encrypted, multiple backups, minimal and easy-to-use for Android
Android Phones Tablets

Download on F-Droid

Tofu: Easy-to-use and designed specifically for iOS
iOS iPhone iPad

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“You shouldn’t change your behavior because a government agency somewhere is doing the wrong thing. If we sacrifice our values because we’re afraid, we don’t care about those values very much.” ― Edward Snowden

File Sharing and Synchronizating

OnionShare: Anonymous file transfer via Tor
Tor Win Mac Linux

OnionShare is an open source tool that lets you securely and anonymously share files, host websites, and chat with friends using the Tor network. Share files, host websites, and chat anonymously via a new tabbed interface for maximum productivity.

Syncthing: Continuous file synchronization
Win Android Mac Linux

Synchronizes files between two or more computers in real time, safely protected from prying eyes. Your data is your data alone and you deserve to choose where it is stored, whether it is shared with some third party, and how it's transmitted over the internet.

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“FREEDOM IS SLAVERY.” ― Ministry of Truth

File Encryption Software

VeraCrypt: On-the-fly Disk Encryption
Win Mac Linux Raspberry Pi

It can create a virtual encrypted disk that works just like a regular disk but within a file. It can also encrypt a partition or the entire storage device with pre-boot authentication.

GNU Privacy Guard: Email Encryption
Win Android Mac Linux

GnuPG allows you to encrypt and sign your data and communications. Following are download links for different platforms. Mac: GPG Suite. OpenKeychain for Android: Google Play and F-Droid.

7-Zip: Easy to use with strong AES-256 encryption
Fast Windows Linux

File archiver with a high compression ratio and built-in encryption functionality.

Cryptomator: Encrypt Dropbox, Google Drive and other cloud storage
Win Android iOS Mac Linux

Cryptomator encrypts your data quickly and easily. Afterwards you upload them protected to a cloud service.

Hat.sh: Simple, fast, secure client-side file encryption in your browser
Firefox Chrome Opera Edge Web

A web app that provides secure file encryption in the browser. The app never uploads the files to the server. It uses modern secure cryptographic algorithms with chunked AEAD stream encryption/decryption.

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“Facebook is not your friend, it is a surveillance engine.” ― Richard Stallman

Encrypted Cloud Storage Services

Avoid: Dropbox, Google Drive, Microsoft OneDrive and Apple iCloud.

MEGA: Files are transmitted and stored securely with end-to-end encryption
Affiliated Freemium Win Android iOS Mac Linux Web Huawei

Company is based in New Zealand. The free plan offers 20 GB storage and a daily 5GB transfer limit.

Nextcloud: Self-hosting or choose a provider for your data
Win Android iOS Mac Linux Web

Nextcloud is functionally similar to Dropbox, Office 365 or Google Drive. It can be hosted in the cloud or on-premises. It is scalable from home office solutions based on the low cost Raspberry Pi all the way through to full sized data centre solutions that support millions of users.

Filen: Zero knowledge end-to-end encrypted cloud storage
Freemium Win Android iOS Mac Linux Web

Hosted in Germany. The free plan offers 10 GB storage and unlimited bandwith.

If you're not able to switch your cloud service immediatly, consider encrypting with Cryptomator.

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“A child born today will grow up with no conception of privacy at all.” ― Edward Snowden

Secure Web Hosting & Domain Provider

OrangeWebsite: Icelandic Web Hosting with Free Speech
Affiliated Fast Web Bitcoin Cash

Based in Iceland, founded in 2009. Accepts Bitcoin and cash by mail. 100% Green energy.

1984 Web Hosting: Safeguarding privacy and civil rights
Fast Web Bitcoin

Based in Iceland, founded in 2006. Accepts Bitcoin. 100% Green energy.

Bahnhof: Covered by strong free speech and data protection laws
Fast Web

Based in Sweden, founded in 1994.

Njalla: A privacy-aware domain registration service
Fast Web Bitcoin

Based in Sweden, founded in 2017 by Peter Sunde the Co-founder of The Pirate Bay.

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“In digital era, privacy must be a priority. Is it just me, or is secret blanket surveillance obscenely outrageous?” ― Al Gore

Buy Cryptocurrency

Binance: Largest cryptocurrency exchange world-wide with P2P Feature
Affiliated Win Android iOS Mac Linux Web Monero KYC required

Founded in 2017 and became quickly the largest exchange in the world in terms of daily trading volume of cryptocurrencies. P2P trading available. Update: Sep 17, 2021: Binance requires all users to get verified.

Bisq: Decentralized, open source P2P marketplace for desktop
Win Mac Linux Monero No KYC required

Buy and sell bitcoin for fiat (or other cryptocurrencies) privately and securely using Bisq's peer-to-peer network and open-source desktop software. No registration required. Easy to use.

Hodl Hodl: Bitcoin (BTC) P2P marketplace with low fees
Affiliated Web Monero No KYC required

Fee: 0.6%, equally split between the parties of the trade (max 0.3% per trade).

LocalCryptos: P2P marketplace for multiple currencies
Affiliated Web No KYC required

Sign up either with your Ethereum wallet or email address. Fees: 0.75% for buyers and 0.25% for sellers.

LocalMonero: Monero (XMR) P2P marketplace
Affiliated Web Monero No KYC required

The biggest, most trusted and well-established P2P Monero exchange in the XMR community.

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“Transparency is for those who carry out public duties and exercise public power. Privacy is for everyone else.” ― Glenn Greenwald

Monero: A privacy-enhanced cryptocurrency for anonymity

Monero GUI Wallet: The official desktop wallet
Win Mac Linux

Suitable for both beginners and advanced users.

Feather Wallet: A lightweight desktop wallet
Win Mac Linux Tails

Good alternative to the official Monero GUI Wallet.

Cake Wallet: For Android and iOS with a modern design
Android iOS Phones Tablets

Modern wallet design to store, send, receive and exchange XMR.

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“The solution to government surveillance is to encrypt everything” ― Eric Schmidt

Privacy-enhancing Bitcoin Wallets

CoinJoin is a trustless method for combining multiple Bitcoin payments from multiple spenders into a single transaction to make it more difficult for outside parties to determine which spender paid which recipient. Unlike many other privacy solutions, coinjoin transactions do not require a modification to the bitcoin protocol.

Samourai: Android Wallet
Tor CoinJoin Android Phones Tablets

Built-in trustless CoinJoin. Full offline mode. Designed to keep miner fees as low as possible.

Sparrow Wallet: Lightweight Desktop Wallet
Tor CoinJoin Win Mac Linux

Built-in trustless CoinJoin. Easy to use and offers users a quick start guide.

BitLox: Hardware Wallet
Affiliated Tor Android iOS Chrome Web

Fully secured cryptocurrency wallet with the mind of keeping your Bitcoin transactions anonymous. Their Bitcoin Block Explorer is accessible over the Tor and I2P network.

Wasabi: Desktop Wallet
Tor CoinJoin Win Mac Linux

Non-custodial, privacy-focused Bitcoin wallet for Desktop, that implements trustless CoinJoin.

Edge: Android and iOS Wallet with multi-asset support
Android iOS Phones Tablets Monero

Touch ID (fingerprint) support, offers in-app buy and sell.

Electrum: Cross-platform with support of Hardware Wallets
Android Win Mac Linux

Decentralized servers, encrypted, cached blockchain for improved speeds.

More information:

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“Transparency is for those who carry out public duties and exercise public power. Privacy is for everyone else.” ― Glenn Greenwald

Crytpo DeFi Swap on a Decentralized Exchange (DEX)

Cryptocurrency exchanges which allow for direct peer-to-peer cryptocurrency transactions to take place securely and without the need for a third party to oversee transfer of assets. DEX are more anonymous than commercial exchanges which implement know your customer (KYC) requirements. This list is sorted by trading volume.

Atomic Swaps: Send Bitcoin, receive Monero
Win Mac Linux Web Monero

This is brand new technology and might have unexpected bugs. Be careful and only test with small amounts. Read the Official announcement from August 20, 2021.

Uniswap: Trading and automated liquidity provision on Ethereum
Ethereum ERC20 tokens

Links: GitHub, Blog, Twitter and Discord.

PancakeSwap: Decentralized trading protocol on Binance Smart Chain
Binance BEP20 tokens

Links: GitHub, Blog, Twitter, Telegram.

1inch: Aggregator to help discover the best trade prices for tokens
Aggregator

Links: GitHub, Blog, Twitter, Telegram and Discord.

Telegram Channels are targeted by scammers, don't share your key phrases with anyone. Admins of the official channels are not sending private messages to users. Beware of anyone reaching out via private message.

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“There is a massive apparatus within the US government that with complete secrecy has been building this enormous structure that has only one goal, and that is to destroy privacy and anonymity, not just in the United States but around the world.” ― Glenn Greenwald

Encrypted and Secure Instant Messaging

Avoid: Facebook Messenger, Google Hangouts, LINE, Telegram, Snapchat, Tencent QQ, Viber, WeChat, WhatsApp.

Session: Decentralized, cross-platform, end-to-end encrypted
Win Android iOS Mac Linux

No phone number or email address is required to signup. Similar functionality like Element, but still in an earlier stage of development. Decentralized servers routed through Lokinet.

Element: Decentralized, cross-platform, end-to-end encrypted Team Chat
Win Android iOS Mac Linux Web

A modern alternative to IRC or Discord. Good for team chats and groups.

Status: Decentralized, cross-platform, end-to-end encrypted
Win Android iOS Mac Linux

No phone number or email address is required to signup. Uses the peer-to-peer (p2p) messaging protocol Waku that removes centralized third parties from messages.

Signal: Centralized, cross-platform and encrypted messaging
Win Android iOS Mac Linux

Similar look and feel of WhatsApp and other commonly used messaging apps, makes switching easy. Signal requires your phone number as an personal identifier.

Threema: Centralized, encrypted messaging for mobile
Paid Android iOS Huawei AppGallery Web Bitcoin

No native desktop apps available yet, but there is a web version for your browser. No phone number is required to signup but there is a payment involved to get the app. Fortunately the Threema shop accepts Bitcoin.

Cwtch: Decentralized, end-to-end encrypted and takes place over Tor
Tor Android Win Mac Linux

User friendly, lightweight, for desktop and Android. End-to-end encrypted and takes place over Tor v3 onion services. Privacy-preserving, multi-party messaging protocol. Built to be metadata resistant.

Briar: Decentralized, encrypted messaging for activists and journalists
Tor Android Phones Tablets

Briar doesn't rely on a central server - messages are synchronized directly between the users' devices via Bluetooth or Wi-Fi. Online sync via the Tor network is possible, too. Protecting users from surveillance.

Tox: Decentralized, encrypted messaging, voice, video, screen and file sharing
Tor Android Win Mac Linux

Wide range of features but a highly experimental protocol, use with caution.

Delta Chat: Decentralized, cross-platform, end-to-end encrypted via Email
Win Android iOS Mac Linux

Delta Chat doesn't have their own servers but uses the most massive and diverse open messaging system ever: the existing e-mail server network. Chat with anyone if you know their e-mail address, no need for them to install DeltaChat. All you need is a standard e-mail account. How does Delta Chat protect my Metadata?

Sounds slow? It's using Push-IMAP to make it fast. List of recommended Email providers.

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“FREEDOM IS SLAVERY.” ― Ministry of Truth

Encrypted Video & Voice Messengers

Avoid: Skype, Zoom, TeamSpeak, Discord and Ventrilo.

Jami: End-to-end encrypted instant messaging and video calling
Win Android iOS Mac Linux
Linphone: Voice, video and instant messaging
Win Android iOS Mac Linux
Jitsi Meet: Fully encrypted video conferencing, no account needed
Win Android iOS Mac Linux Web

Desktop version downloads can be found here.

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“The solution to government surveillance is to encrypt everything” ― Eric Schmidt

DNS Network Level Ad Blocking for better Privacy and Speed

NextDNS: Blocks security threats, ads and trackers
Easy to Setup Win Android iOS Mac Linux Browsers Router

The major advantage of NextDNS over AdGuard DNS is to be able to configure the service to your needs via parental controls, website restrictions or block whole categories of websites and apps. Easy to setup within minutes. Comes with setup guides for all systems. 300,000 queries/month for free, after that it will just work like a classic non-blocking DNS service.

AdGuard DNS: Blocks tracking, ads and phishing for free
Easy to Setup Win Android iOS Mac Linux Router

Easy to setup within minutes. Comes with setup guides for all systems. You only need to enter two IP adresses.

Pi-hole: Self-hosted solution for experts
For Experts Raspberry Pi Linux

You can run Pi-hole in a container, or deploy it directly to a supported operating system via installer.

More self-hosted expert solutions: pfBlockerNG Plugin for pfSense and Artica.

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“The US government still has no idea what documents I have because encryption works” ― Edward Snowden

YouTube Alternatives

PeerTube: Free and decentralized alternative to video platforms
Web
DTube: Decentralized and full-featured video sharing website
Web
Invidious: Alternative frontend for YouTube without ads and tracking
Web
NewPipe: Lightweight YouTube experience for Android
Android Phones Tablets
FreeTube: Watch YouTube privately on desktop
Win Mac Linux
Open Video Downloader: Supports YouTube, Vimeo, Twitter and more
Win Mac Linux

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“A child born today will grow up with no conception of privacy at all.” ― Edward Snowden

Decentralized Social Networks

Redact: Delete your digital footprint
Sponsored Win Mac Linux Closed-Source

Allows you to automatically clean up your old posts from services like Twitter, Reddit, Facebook, Discord and more all in one place. Delete by key word, sentiment and content type.

Mastodon: Twitter Alternative
Win Android iOS Mac Linux Web
diaspora*: Google+ Alternative
Android Web
Friendica: Facebook Alternative
Win Android Linux Web
PixelFed: Instagram Alternative
Web
Aether: reddit Alternative (Desktop App)
Win Mac Linux
Tip of the day:

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“WAR IS PEACE.” ― Ministry of Truth

Blog Software for Self and Managed Hosting

Write.as: Helps you create a blog, journal, or newsletter
Web Freemium Self-Hosted
WordPress.com: Create a free website or build a blog with ease
Web Freemium Self-Hosted
Ghost: A popular and modern publishing platform
Web Paid Plan Self-Hosted

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“Under observation, we act less free, which means we effectively are less free.” ― Edward Snowden

Encrypted Digital Notebooks

Joplin: Collaborate with encrypted and synced multimedia notes
Win Android iOS Mac Linux
Standard Notes: A safe place for your notes, thoughts, and life's work
Win Android iOS Mac Linux Web
Turtl: Encrypted and synced notes, bookmarks, passwords and files
Win Android iOS (coming soon) Mac Linux

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“We don't have to ask for our privacy, we can take it back” ― Edward Snowden

Productivity & Collaboration Privacy Tools for Work

Etherpad: Instant collaborative web text editor
Web

Highly customizable open-source online editor providing collaborative editing in real time.

CryptPad: End-to-end encrypted collaboration suite
Web

Plenty of features: Rich text, code, presentation, sheet, form, kanban, whiteboard and CryptDrive.

ONLYOFFICE: Collaborative online document editors
Win Android iOS Mac Linux Web

Features: Online document editors, platform for document management, corporate communication, mail and project management tools.

LibreOffice: Complete desktop office solution
Win Mac Linux

LibreOffice consists of programs for word processing, creating and editing of spreadsheets, slideshows, diagrams and drawings, working with databases, and composing mathematical formulae. It is available in 115 languages.

EtherCalc: Instant collaborative web spreadsheet
Web

Your data is saved on the web, and people can edit the same document at the same time. Everybody's changes are instantly reflected on all screens.

Vikunja: Self-hosted team task manager with modern features
Web Win Android iOS Linux

The project is still under development and the native apps are not final yet, but the web version works great. Offers an import feature from Todoist, Trello and Microsoft To-Do.

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“The way to make people trustworthy is to trust them.” ― Ernest Hemingway

Privacy Friendly Operating Systems

Fedora Workstation: User friendly and easy to setup
Easy to Setup Linux
Whonix: A full operating system that runs inside your current one with Tor
Easy to Setup Tor Linux Encryption
Ubuntu: User friendly and easy to setup
Easy to Setup Linux
Tails: Portable, encrypted and secure through the Tor network
For Experts Linux Portable Tor Encryption
Qubes OS: A reasonably secure operating system
For Experts

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“Openness and participation are antidotes to surveillance and control.” ― Howard Rheingold

Privacy and Security Tools for Windows 10 and 11

O&O ShutUp10++: Free antispy tool for Windows 10 and 11
Windows 10 Windows 11 Closed-Source
simplewall: Free and lightweight Firewall
Windows 10
Safing Portmaster: Monitor and control all network activity
Windows 10 Ubuntu Linux

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“We'd do well to remember that at the end of the day, the law doesn't defend us; we defend the law. And when it becomes contrary to our morals, we have both the right and the responsibility to rebalance it toward just ends.” ― Edward Snowden

Privacy Friendly Mobile Operating Systems

LineageOS: Security and privacy for Phones and Tablets
Android Phones Tablets

Wide range of supported devices: Open list.

Ubuntu Touch: Android alternative for Phones and Tablets
Linux Phones Tablets

List of supported devices.

CalyxOS: Secure features for your Google Pixel Phone
Android Google Pixel Phones

Only Google Pixel devices and Xiaomi Mi A2 are supported. Source.

GrapheneOS: Improved privacy and security for your Google Pixel device
Google Pixel Android Phones

Only Google Pixel devices are supported, new models are recommended. Source.

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“IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH.” ― Ministry of Truth

Android Keyboard Alternatives That Respect Your Privacy

AnySoftKeyboard: One of the most customizable keyboards available
Free Android Phones Tablets

Get it on F-Droid. Supports lots of languages via external packages.

OpenBoard: Look and feel of Gboard without the tracking
Free Android Phones Tablets

Get it on F-Droid. No dependency on Google binaries.

FlorisBoard: Modern, user-friendly, customizable and privacy respecting
Free Android Phones Tablets

Get it on F-Droid. Currently in early-beta state.

Simple Keyboard: Super lightweight (<1MB) and minimal features
Free Android Phones Tablets

Get it on F-Droid. For people who like it minimalistic. No emojis, gifs, spell checker or swipe typing.

Indic Keyboard: Indic and Indian languages
Free Android Phones Tablets

Get it on F-Droid. Supports 23 languages and 54 layouts.

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“The solution to government surveillance is to encrypt everything” ― Eric Schmidt

Open Source Router Firmware

OpenWrt: Embedded operating system based on Linux secure by default
Linux Web Router
pfSense: Firewall and router software based on FreeBSD
Web Router
LibreCMC: For computers with minimal resources
Linux Web Router

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“If you want to keep a secret, you must also hide it from yourself.” ― George Orwell, 1984

Privacy Friendly Translation Tools

DeepL Translate: The world's most accurate translator
Web Supports File Uploads Closed-Source

Warning: The free version of DeepL does not respect your privacy, only the paid pro version. Source: Privacy Policy. The texts of free users are used to train and improve the neural networks and translation algorithms.

Lingva Translate: Alternative front-end for Google Translate without tracking
Web Open-Source

Retrieves translations without using any Google-related service, preventing them from tracking.

LibreTranslate: No ties to proprietary services and can be self-hosted
Web Self-Hosted Open-Source

100% Self-Hosted. No Limits. No Ties to Proprietary Services.

Translate Shell: Command-line translator for your terminal
Terminal Win Android Mac Linux Open-Source

Formerly Google Translate CLI is a command-line translator powered by Google Translate (default), Bing Translator, Yandex.Translate and Apertium.

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“If you want to keep a secret, you must also hide it from yourself.” ― George Orwell, 1984

Self-Contained Anonymizing Networks

Tor: Most popular, biggest and cross-platform network available
Anonymity Encryption Win Android iOS Mac Linux

Tor, short for The Onion Router, is for enabling anonymous communication. It directs Internet traffic through a free, worldwide, volunteer overlay network, consisting of more than six thousand relays, for concealing a user's location and usage from anyone conducting network surveillance or traffic analysis.

I2P: Censorshipo-resistant peer-to-peer network
Win Android Mac Linux

The Invisible Internet Project (I2P) is an anonymous network layer that allows for censorship-resistant, peer-to-peer communication. Anonymous connections are achieved by end-to-end encrypting the user's traffic, and sending it through a volunteer-run network of roughly 55,000 computers distributed around the world.

Freenet: Decentralized, anonymous communication without fear of censorship
Win Mac Linux

Freenet is a peer-to-peer platform for censorship-resistant, anonymous communication. It uses a decentralized distributed data store to keep and deliver information, and has a suite of free software for publishing and communicating on the Web without fear of censorship.

ZeroNet: Uses existing Bitcoin cryptography and the BitTorrent network
Win Android Mac Linux

ZeroNet is a decentralized web-like network of peer-to-peer users. Instead of having an IP address, sites are identified by a public key (specifically a bitcoin address). The private key allows the owner of a site to sign and publish changes, which propagate through the network. Sites can be accessed through an ordinary web browser when using the ZeroNet application, which acts as a local webhost for such pages.

Retroshare: P2P communication and file sharing built on GNU Privacy Guard
Win Android Mac Linux

Peer-to-peer communication and file sharing app based on a friend-to-friend network built on GNU Privacy Guard (GPG). Optionally, peers may communicate certificates and IP addresses to and from their friends.

IPFS: Protocol and P2P network for storing and sharing data
Win Mac Linux

The InterPlanetary File System (IPFS) is a protocol and peer-to-peer network for storing and sharing data in a distributed file system. IPFS uses content-addressing to uniquely identify each file in a global namespace connecting all computing devices

GNUnet: Software framework in support of a free and open society
Linux (official) Win (unofficial) Mac (unofficial)

For decentralized, peer-to-peer networking and an official GNU package. The framework offers link encryption, peer discovery, resource allocation, communication over many transports (such as TCP, UDP, HTTP, HTTPS, WLAN and Bluetooth) and various basic peer-to-peer algorithms for routing, multicast and network size estimation.

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“In digital era, privacy must be a priority. Is it just me, or is secret blanket surveillance obscenely outrageous?” ― Al Gore

Open Source Torrent Clients without Ads and Tracking

Your IP address is exposed while using any Torrent Client. Consider using a VPN provider to hide your IP. If you are using µTorrent that includes ads and tracking, select your alternative here.

qBittorrent: µTorrent-like User Interface
Win Mac Linux
Transmission: Small footprint with minimal user interface
Win Mac Linux
Deluge: Lightweight with WebUI
Win Mac Linux
WebTorrent: Stream torrents in browsers and on desktop
Web Win Mac Linux
BiglyBT: Feature rich and remote control via Android app
Win Android Mac Linux

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“Facebook in particular is the most appalling spying machine that has ever been invented” ― Julian Assange

Disk & File Cleaners with Privacy Features

BleachBit: Disk space cleaner, privacy manager and system optimizer
Win Linux

Shredding files and wiping unallocated disk space to minimize data remanence.

ExifCleaner: Privacy metadata removal tool
Fast Win Mac Linux

Removes metadata for the most popular image and video formats. It also supports PDF files and comes with batch-processing to process multiple files at once. Drag and Drop interface, easy to use.

Czkawka: Simple, fast and free app to remove duplicated files
Win Mac Linux

No privacy features but a neat little tool to declutter your computer and free disk space.

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“I had been looking for leaders, but I realized that leadership is about being the first to act.” ― Edward Snowden

RSS Feed Readers

NetNewsWire: For Mac and iOS. More news, less junk
iOS Mac Safari Phones Tablets
Feedbro: Browser Extension for Chrome, Vivaldi, Edge, Brave and Firefox
Web Firefox Chrome Edge Closed-Source
Feeder: Android only. No tracking, no account needed
Android Phones Tablets

Download is also available on F-Droid.

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“We don't have to ask for our privacy, we can take it back” ― Edward Snowden

Secure Whistleblower Tools

SecureDrop: Whistleblower submission system for news organizations
Tor Web

Software that news websites install to offer whistleblowers a plattform for secure communication and file transfers. Requires Tor Browser for anonymity in order to access. List of organizations using SecureDrop.

Haven: Monitoring of intrusions into home, office and hotel rooms
Android Phones Tablets

An Android application that leverages on-device sensors to provide monitoring and protection of physical areas. Turns Android phones into a motion, sound, vibration and light detector, watching for unwanted intruders.

Briar: P2P encrypted messaging for activists and journalists
Tor Android Phones Tablets

Briar doesn't rely on a central server - messages are synchronized directly between the users' devices via Bluetooth or Wi-Fi. Online sync via the Tor network is possible, too. Protecting users from surveillance.

GlobaLeaks: Easily set up and maintain a secure whistleblowing platform
Tor Web

Alternative to SecureDrop. Easily set up a secure and anonymous whistleblowing initiative. Designed to be user-friendly, the software is customisable and protects the whistleblower's privacy and submissions by default.

OnionShare: Anonymous file transfer via Tor
Tor Win Mac Linux

OnionShare is an open source tool that lets you securely and anonymously share files, host websites, and chat with friends using the Tor network. Share files, host websites, and chat anonymously via a new tabbed interface for maximum productivity.

EFF: Surveillance Self-Defense Guides
Web

Electronic Frontier Foundation offers tips, tools and how-tos for safer online communications.

Worth Mentioning:

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“You can't assume any place you go is private because the means of surveillance are becoming so affordable and so invisible.” ― Howard Rheingold

Known Privacy Related Incidents & Gag Orders to Date

2021, ProtonMail: ProtonMail logged IP address of French activist after an order by Swiss authorities. Source

2021, WindScribe VPN: Servers were not encrypted as they should have been allowing MITM attacks by authorities. Source

2021, DoubleVPN: Servers, logs, and account info seized by law enforcement. Source

2021, Tutanota Email: Forced to monitor two user accounts for three months implicated in a blackmail case. Source

Transparency Report & Warrant Canary for the secure email service Tutanota

2017, PureVPN: Forced to disclose information of one user to the FBI. Source

2014, EarthVPN: User was arrested based on logs provider to the Dutch Polic because of a bomb hoax. Source

2013, Lavabit Email: Secure E-Mail provider Lavabit shuts down after fighting a secret gag order. Source

2011, HideMyAss VPN: User was de-anonymized, and logs were provided to the FBI in a labeled "LulzSec fiasco". Source

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What is a Warrant Canary?

A term for a regularly published statement that a service provider has not received legal process that it would be prohibited from saying it had received, such as a national security letter. Transparency reports and warrant canaries have an important role to play in the fight against illegal and unconstitutional national security process, including National Security Letters and other secret court processes. Wikipedia

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“We don't have to ask for our privacy, we can take it back” ― Edward Snowden


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The Co-Founder of The Pirate Bay about privacytools.io

Peter Sunde about privacytools.io

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Sunde